The Washington Times says that the current economic decline has substantially cut the job market for high school pupils. As a lot of the country’s branches of industry continue to suffer from joblessness, the jobs traditionally considered to be the initial stage of the teenagers’ employment, e.g. places where fast food is sold, have started employing their parents instead of them. The number of pupils working after school has decreased by almost 50% since 1990, with the largest recession in the last decade. Charles Hirschman, the Washington University professor of sociology, studied the issues of teenagers’ employment and said that they got only the jobs refused by adults. Many employers considered teens to be the cheap labor force.
However, this situation has changed recently and it is currently hard for pupils of high schools to find even those jobs. McDonald’s, a formerly reliable fast food restaurant employing teenagers, changed its adolescent staff for a more educated and experienced one. The restaurant’s managers refuse to hire people whose time is limited. Instead, they can employ college students and other jobless adults.
In addition to high school pupils, students also have to compete with older applicants. They mainly need to work during their study to pay their bills for education. According to the information of National Center for Education Statistics, over half of students who entered colleges in 2000 worked at least part time and only 40% were in the same situation in 2011. Analysts figure that the reason for the 10% reduction of students interested to find a job is the impossibility for them to combine it with study.
Mr. Hirschman said that teens would work even at a place like a fast food restaurant if they had proper opportunities because they need to afford new clothes, CDs with their favorite bands and many other things.